Jerome is a city in and county seat of Jerome County, Idaho, United States. The population was 10,890 at the 2010 census, up from 7,780 in 2000. The city is the county seat of Jerome County, and is part of the Twin Falls Micropolitan Statistical Area. It is the second largest city in Idaho’s Magic Valley region, second only to Twin Falls which is located 10 miles southeast. Jerome's economy is largely agrarian with dairy farming being one of the main driving forces of the economy.